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Key Implementing Partner:Learn more about the Relief Society of Tigray (REST), R4 partner responsible for implementing the HARITA project in Ethiopia.
Video: What is R4?This video showcases the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative's mission to empower and protect farmers with risk management strategies including risk reduction, risk transfer, risk reserves (credit and savings), and smart risk taking. Watch the Video
Stories From the Field:Oxfam has created a short series of articles interviewing participants in the HARITA project. Medhin Reda, Selas Samson Biru, and Gebru Kahsay are rural farmers whose stories you can read.
Resources:FARMD's resource library offers nearly 800 documents related to agricultural risk management, including specific publications on index insurance and climate change.
Photos: Eva-Lotta Jansson/Oxfam America
Oxfam & WFP's R4 Initiative Begins Expansion into Senegal, Fueled by Success in Ethiopia
The Horn of Africa Risk Transfer for Adaptation (HARITA) project began in 2009 with 200 households in one Ethiopian village, growing to reach 13,000 households in 43 Ethiopian villages by 2011.
HARITA offered insurance-for-work programs to poor farmer households using the country's own safety net system as an approach to managing the effects of climate change on agriculture.
HARITA's success has been followed-up with a public-private partnership between Oxfam and the World Food Programme, along with funding from their respective donors, to create the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative in 2011. As of March 2012, WFP is sponsored by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Oxfam America is sponsored by Swiss Reinsurance Company and the Rockefeller Foundation. R4 will replicate the success of HARITA in Ethiopia and now in Senegal, as well as two more African countries during the project's five year period. Project work has just begun in Senegal, with pilot implementation to begin in 2013. Learn More
For the 1.3 billion people living on less than a dollar a day that depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, vulnerability to climate-related shocks is a constant threat to food security and well-being.
As climate change drives an increase in the frequency and intensity of natural hazards, the challenges faced by food-insecure communities struggling to improve their lives and livelihoods will also increase. The question of how to build rural resilience against climate-related risk is critical for addressing global poverty.
In response to this challenge, the United Nations World Food Programme and Oxfam America have launched the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative, known as R4, referring to the four risk management strategies integrated in the initiative.
R4 builds on the initial success of a holistic risk management framework developed by Oxfam America during the HARITA project from 2009-2011, which focused on enabling poor farmers to strengthen their food and income security through a combination of improved resource management (risk reduction), microcredit (prudent risk taking), insurance (risk transfer), and savings (risk reserves).
Learn more about how the R4 works
Latest Program Successes: From January to March 2012, the R4 Initiative completed the following activities and achievements in Ethiopia:
- A total of 12,845 farmers from 21 villages, including 2,870 women, participated in awareness and education programs on community risk management and insurance through video shows.
- 95 farmers in two villages participated in a customer satisfaction survey by IRI to assess satisfaction with the index insurance products offered in the 2011 agrcicultural season.
- Weather data from three automatic rain gauges was collected and a weather data report created by field agents.
- 180 development agents were trained on community risk management and insurance.
Status of Senegal: The Senegal component of the R4 Initiative is currently in the national planning and assessment phase. The completion of this process will culminate in the 2013 implementation of the pilot phase.