Mozambique: Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment
Agriculture accounts for 31.8% of Mozambique gross domestic product (GDP), providing a livelihood to almost 81% of the labor force. The majority of production undertaken by smallholder farmers is for consumption, and the main staple crops produced are maize, sorghum, rice, millet, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, and beans. Many family farms combine food crops with a single cash crop. The majority of Mozambican agriculture is rain fed and therefore very sensitive to climatic conditions. Climate change models indicate an increased likelihood of extreme weather events such as flood, drought, and cyclones leading to severe negative impacts on the agricultural sector in Mozambique.
Recognizing the need to explicitly and comprehensively address these weather-related agricultural risks, the Group of Eight’s (G-8) New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition requested that the World Bank conduct an Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment for Mozambique (Download PDF), with the following objectives:
- To provide a robust analytical underpinning to the Strategic Plan for the Development of the Agrarian Sector (PEDSA) and the National Investment Plan for the Agrarian Sector in Mozambique (PNISA);
- To incorporate an agricultural risk perspective into decision making;
- To build the capacity of local stakeholders in risk assessment and management.
This risk assessment took place in 2013 and provides:
- An introduction and sets the context for Mozambique’s agricultural system and agricultural sector risks;
- A quantification of losses and impact of agricultural risks in the country;
- Several stakeholder risk assessments and commodity risk profiles;
- Risk prioritization and management solutions.
Key findings were summarized in the Mozambique Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment Policy Note (Download PDF).